Mother of pearl and ownership of one or several pearl farms has found a lucrative market in the public. Pearls are usually used in creating necklaces, rings, bracelets and even in the creation of various sets of jewelry. It has become a status symbol not just to the rich but also to people from all walks of life so much that the market for fake reproductions of the mother of pearl has found its own patronage. With its increasing popularity, it is bound to create questions to interested investors such that a lot of people have become intrigued on how it is made or created by nature.
How it is formed
Mother of pearl is also known as nacre. It is a composite of both organic and inorganic chemicals created by nature. The chemical make-up of this composite is hexagonal platelets of aragonite. The dimension of this platelet is 10-20 micrometers with a thickness of 0.5 micrometer. In between the layers of these platelets is a thin organic matrix made up of elastic biopolymers. This unique combination makes the mother of pearls resilient and strong. When this combination is multiplied, meaning the dimensions of the composite grows bigger, the toughness increases as well.
Mother of pearls are created by the mollusc species from their epithelial cells from the mantle tissue. Over time, the molluscs continually deposit layers on the inner surface of the shell. This action presents two purposes. One, as defense against parasites which could damage the detritus and two, it smoothens the shell of the mollusc itself.
The process of encystation occurs when the molluscs get invaded by a parasitic organism or in cases when they are invaded by a foreign object which the mollusc cannot spew out. What happens is that the parasite or foreign object gets enclosed in the layers of the mother of pearl that the mollusc continually deposits. This continuous process of depositing several layers eventually creates the pearls that are marketed by jewelers to the public. Until the mother of pearl is taken from the mollusc, the pearl continues to grow bigger.
The inner layer is unique because of its iridescence. A characteristic that jewelers and the public alike find very attractive. The same characteristic is primarily due to the thickness of the platelets comparable in size to the visible light’s wavelength, which translates to about 0.5 micrometers. This produces a play of light due to the different wavelengths which occurs when light is allowed to pass through it from different angles.
Major sources of mother of pearl finds come from the freshwater mussels. This species normally live in the waters of Asia, Europe and the United States. The same mother of pearls can also be seen in pearl oysters of warm tropical waters as well as the abalone of the
If you are looking for a baby stroller that will provide a comfortable ride for baby, and an ease and convenience for you, you must try a jogging baby stroller. With its 2 wheels in the back, one in the front design, a joggiing baby stroller is perfect for use on a variety of different terrains, and they are perfect for the mom or dad on the go. They are durable and practical and can provide many years of usage, and that’s just one of the great reasons why these strollers are a smart buy!
The baby jogger stroller was first invented by a man named Phil Baechler because he found that the baby strollers of the time were not perfect to use for his morning jogs. He wanted a stroller that would be better equipped to handling jogging and outdoor activities on a variety of terrains, and hency, the baby jogger was born. Since its invention, there have been many upgrades and changes to a baby stroller that is made for handling all types of road conditions, and it is the perfect stroller for athletic, as well as everyday usage.
There are a variety of designs and upgrades available on most baby joggers of today. Some provide extra space for easy storage of baby necessities like diapers and bottles, and even space for items that mom and dad may need. Most come with cupholders so baby can have easy access to her beverage of choice, and some even come with spots to put snack food items. Some baby joggers have protective tops that protect baby from the outdoor elements so that baby can stay warm and dry no matter what the weather is like outside. If you are looking for a rugged and durable stroller that can handle all the needs of your baby, a baby jogger might be right for you.
Jogging strollers are equipped to handle the everyday uses of regular strollers, but they have the added benefit of being able to handle rougher terrain which makes these perfect for the outdoorsy type of parents. They can be a bit heavier than normal strollers, but not too heavy that it makes its usage difficult. Jogging strollers fold up easy for convenient traveling, and their sturdy design makes them an item that will truly withstand the test of time. If you are looking for a stroller that is both useful and a good investment, a jogging stroller will not let you down.
Going to the dentist is a big deal, especially for kids. Everything in there looks different, smells different, and sounds different. Kids know that something is up! It can be scary if it’s your first visit. That’s why it’s important to prepare your child before their first visit to the Kids Teeth Childrens Dentist, and to select a dentist that not only works with your insurance plan but also an office that you feel will be a kid-friendly environment.
The first hurdle is to prepare kids at home before their first visit. A child as young as three years old should have their first visit to the dentist. They have already had some of their Kids Teeth Childrens Dentist grown in at that point. The dentist will be able to catch problems early this way. Some dentists will have the parent hold the child on their lap the entire time to ease the child’s fears. It’s not so scary if mom or dad can hold you the whole time. They’ll get to understand that all the dentist wants to do is take a look at their teeth, and that it doesn’t hurt.
The dental office wants to educate parents about how to care for their young child’s teeth, so the dentist will have good tips on what kind of toothbrush and toothpaste to use, and techniques for brushing your child’s teeth. When a child is ready to try on their own to hold their own toothbrush, the dentist can show the child how. If this is your first child, you may pick up a few pointers you hadn’t though of before.
Some parents talk to their kids about the tooth fairy, and encourage them to write a letter to the tooth fairy, or have mom and dad write the letter for them. The child can tell the tooth fairy they’re about to have their first dentist visit. Then, after the visit, that night they can write another letter to the tooth fairy. Even though it’s too early to begin leaving teeth under their pillow for the tooth fairy, they might find the tooth fairy has left them a little surprise in the morning for being so good at the dentist office.
Kids Teeth, LLC has been providing unique kids dentistry services for more than 10 years.
Though conception is natural, it is not easy especially if the couple knows so little about efficient tips to get pregnant and habits that encourage and stimulate conception. For some women getting pregnant is easy, while others have to struggle before they can achieve this. Fortunately, there are steps that will help you increase your chances of getting pregnant. Below are the steps that you should follow when you want to get pregnant quickly:
1) Stop taking any baby pills and wait for around three cycles before you can try to get pregnant again. This gives your body enough time to adjust after the use of this kind of chemicals.
2) Take prenatal vitamins before you conceive. This reduces chances of neural tube defects by a large percentage. You should take the supplements for at least one month and stop using them as soon as you get pregnant.
3) Have a good diet and take herbal supplements to balance your hormones. You can talk to your doctor before you start using any herbal supplement to make sure its safe to do so.
4) Work on developing a healthy way of living before you get pregnant. This will ensure that you get pregnant faster and also remain in good health throughout the nine months.
5) Lose bad habits like smoking, drinking alcohol and start eating healthy foods and doing exercises. This will increase your fertility and ensure that you give birth to a healthy baby.
6) One of the most important tips to get pregnant is to know as exactly as possible when you ovulate this is usually in the middle of the menstrual cycle for most women. You can use various ways to know when you are ovulating. The simple way is to check your temperature or observe changes in your cervical mucus. You can buy ovulation calculator in your local drug store.
7) Make sure to have sex with your partner around the time when you ovulate. It is possible for sperms to survive in your reproduction tract for two or three days.
8) Take an early pregnancy test once you miss your period. This could be the great news youve been waiting for after trying to get pregnant.
When you do get pregnant, you should see your doctor for a checkup. Get any required treatments and this will ensure that your body is well taken care of during pregnancy.
In some cases, a womans intuition; that indefinable thing, may possibly the first thing that alerts a woman to the fact that she is pregnant that unshakable feeling that something is changing and burgeoning within her. But other than this inexpressible feeling, there are other signs and symptoms of pregnancy that may appear very early on, such as:
Though missing a period is probably the first definitive sign of a pregnancy, some of the symptoms of pregnancy are ironically a little bit like a period.
For instance breast tenderness is one of the very early signs of a pregnancy. They may feel swollen and sensitive, even painful rather like some women experience before the start of their monthly period.
A slight amount of vaginal bleeding or light spotting is seen at the time of implantation of the embryo. This is when the fertilized egg implants into the wall of the uterus and starts to grow and this is also among the first and early signs of pregnancy.
Unexplained feelings of tiredness can also occur very early in pregnancy as the body undergoes a sea of hormonal change. Some women find that they get really sleepy and need more sleep than usual.
Many women find that they seem to be on an emotional roller coaster early in their pregnancy elated one moment and then tearful the next.
A sudden distaste or oversensitivity for certain tastes and smells early on in pregnancy is supposed to be natures way of protecting the expectant mother and unborn child from any toxic substances. Some women find that their sense of smell is at its most acute during the early days of pregnancy.
The feeling of having to go to the bathroom urgently is another of the early pregnancy signs.
Morning sickness or nausea at any other time may also be among the first signs.
For many women there may be no symptoms at all and the first she may know about a pregnancy is when she takes a test.
The pregnancy tests that are commonly available are those that will tell you whether or not you’re pregnant on the day that your period would ordinarily have been due. A hormone called hCG is started to be produced by the body when conception takes place, which, when detected in a pregnancy test, will show a positive result.
Some of the more sensitive pregnancy tests are able to detect a conception even as early as 7 days after a woman has ovulated. However at this stage there may not be enough hCG in the blood stream or the urine for a pregnancy to be detected and a false negative could result.
It is best to wait until 14 days after ovulation or until the first that a period has been missed to take the test. This will yield more accurate results because by this time there is enough hCG present in the system to
From when a mother knows she is expecting a baby, the maternal instinct right away triggers a protective instinct that tries to ensure no harm befalls the baby. Even that weird occurrence, which sometimes is an overwhelming craving for certain foods or non-foods while pregnant, is the body’s’ way of saying that certain minerals are missing from the system and you need them to ensure the baby gets optimum growth in the womb. My wife and I being first time mother and father are leaving nothing to chance to ensure the best for the unborn baby. My wife will always flinch whenever anyone or thing move very close to her.
She is not alone many mother invest a lot to their unborn babies, a true testimony of a mothers’ love to her child that is independent to the child’s physical appearance. As much as some parents lock up their children because of physical deformities and the stigma societies attach to these abnormalities. But most mothers love their babies unconditionally. This ensures the survival of infants to adulthood, thanks to God for these instincts. Just like the American poet (James Agee) puts it “A mother never realizes that her children are no longer children”. Even when they are grown old she believes that they remain her little children.
Listen to this Irish saying “A man loves his sweetheart the most; his wife the best, but his mother the longest”
My friend told me five years ago it’s his mothers’ instincts that saved him from certain death when he got a bout of pneumonia. He had a piercing pain in his chest, which he would stoically endure even as it looked very serious. One reason he resisting going to hospital was he had emptied his pocket at the beginning of the school term. And he thought the pain would eventually go away. But his mother who is also a grand mother had not retired from parenting arena. She said this was not a laughing matter and that she was not going to the village until my friend saw a doctor. And with that she fished from her large purse Ksh 3,000. To my friends surprise the doctor told him he had pneumonia. Every mother has a sixth sense that’s impossible to argue with.
A priest tickled his congregation when he talked of this mothers’ unconditional love. He spoke of the obligation to congratulate the new mother, there is really no comeliness in the infant to talk about when she cannot honestly exclaim “What a beautiful boy” then simply says “What a baby.”
Let me conclude with this gem “Child bearing myth number 1: Labor ends when the baby is born.”
For many women planning pregnancy raises the question: when you can do a pregnancy test to see two cherished stripes? Manufacturers of tests, doctors, and friends are advised not to do the tests before the delay. Let’s look at why and try to calculate the probability of a positive pregnancy test, depending on the DPO (days after ovulation).
For our calculations we take as a basis for a pregnancy test with a sensitivity of 25 mUI. The test reacts to the presence of the pregnancy hormone hCG in the blood of women. When the sensitivity of 25 mUI test can show positive results if the hormone in the urine of women of hCG exceeded this level, ie is above the level of 25 mUI. You should know that the hormone hCG appears immediately after the implantation of the embryo in the uterine wall first in the blood, and later in the urine of women and, in turn, implantation occurs 7-10 days after ovulation. But at the same time, be aware that hormone levels do not jump immediately after implantation to 25 mUI, but rises gradually, increasing every 24-48 hours in 2 times.
Suppose that implantation has occurred on the 7th day after ovulation and start from the fact that in this day hCG “jumped” to 2 mUI. The following day, hCG levels doubled and amounts to “whole” 4 mUI. At 9 DPO again doubling and 8 mUI. Although the pregnancy has already occurred, but for the test with a sensitivity of 25 mUI hormone levels are still very low, so the test will still be negative. Only on the 11th day after ovulation hCG levels for the first time crosses the border in 25 mUI and pregnancy test can be the first time to show a weak second band. Thus in our calculations, we ignore the fact that the content of hCG in the urine may be much lower than in blood, and every woman has this level of an individual.
Now imagine that the implantation did not occur at the 7th SPE, but only on 10th (also the norm!). This means that we estimate first stripes can be seen only at 14 DPO. Here we are getting to the definition of delay, and answers to frequently asked question: “How many days can do a pregnancy test?”. Normally, the length of the second phase is about 14 days and this is why manufacturers recommend tests to test for pregnancy only after a delay, ie, the earliest at 15 DPO.