Key challenges faced on eradicating child labor in India and other developing regions

All around the world, especially in the developing parts, there are widespread instances of children being used as an informal labor force across industrial sectors. According to surveys, countries like Sudan, Congo, Zimbabwe, Pakistan and Ethiopia have consistently ranked high on the child labor employment charts. But it is India, the largest democratic republic nation in the world that has the dubious distinction of being regarded as the worst of the lot.>

The actual numbers vary since there is no real consistency on the statistical data gathering process. From the official estimates to the numbers put forward by non-governmental organizations and unofficial guesstimates, the numbers fluctuate wildly, going from 10 million children being employed to the high numbers breaching the 100 million mark.

Certain types of industries and occupations have also traditionally lent themselves to employing children out of choice. Examples include: Fireworks industry, Jari work, artificial jewelry units, textile units, etc. Moreover, the entire small and medium scale industry framework has also been at the risk of employing child laborers. Apart from these, ship building yards, scavenging and informal recycling networks, food service industries, etc. too have found to be significantly involved in contributing to the employment of children.

In most instances, the murky world of child trafficking has spread its deadly tentacles by preying on the circumstances and compulsions of people that are already suffering from the scourge of severe poverty conditions. But, child labor in India is not simply a poverty problem. There are other factors involved that include societal attitudes towards children, family driven negligence, and a medieval mindset that believes in practices such as bonded labor and so on.

A close examination of the reasons behind these developments by experts has revealed that they do not really work on their own. In almost all the cases, close interdependencies have been discovered between the key reasons.

At the top of this list is poverty and this is often endemic, running through the fabric of the family or community on the whole. Lack of access to a quality education is another contributing factor, with school dropout rates being higher than the general average in regions where child labor is rampant. There are also high incidences of gender discrimination with girls being consistently worse off than boys in this regard. Natural or man-made disasters often leave children at a considerable disadvantage and expose them to the risk of exploitation.

On-the-whole however, it is society that is largely responsible for this scourge. The demand for cheap labor and the subsequent exploitation of kids are both, the result of societal conditions and it is therefore necessary for the thought process to change, before we see the effects in the actual world.

About The Author

CRY America works to eliminate child labor in India with their various projects supporting children rights. Let us together initiate positive steps and promote the well-being of Indian children.

Tips for Getting Pregnant to Make Your Dream Come True

Time will come when you will start to think about getting pregnant. Probably long before your marriage you already have a dream of bearing a child and become a lovely and caring mother. Or may be directly after your marriage you will start to plan something out to prepare yourself for a pregnancy.

I have some tips that may be valuable to you to make it easier to check the things you should not miss. Here are the tips.

Get a doctors help

This is the first thing you should do. It will be very wise to have somebody experienced as a resource person. This is one factor that can reduce tension and ease your mind. A doctor or an obstetrician is more likely to be the perfect resource person to help you out. You can discuss the problem in depth and try to find out the very basic obstacle that may cause a delay or difficulty in getting pregnant. In fact the cause of infertility is not hard to identify if you are in the hand of the right person.

Exercise adequately

You might be surprised if I tell you that exercise could be the cause of infertility. The fact is that exercise is actually a major factor in many infertility cases, whether it is too much or too little exercising. In other words, exercising has a great impact on fertility.

Exercising every day for 30 minutes, 3 to 4 days in a week can ease your way to getting pregnant. The possibility will increase if you combine adequate exercise with a healthy diet and good health care of yourself.

Eat healthy

Healthy eating habits or get used to a healthy diet pattern is strongly related to fertility. Or in other words, what you eat affects fertility. Eating a healthy meal consistently will definitely improve fertility and significantly increases the probability to get pregnant.

A healthy diet for getting pregnant means that you should consume a well balanced diet of carbohydrates, protein and fats. You should take the long chain carbohydrates (polysaccharides or oligosaccharides) found in whole grain products and other fiber products. Your fat intake should be focused on the mono-unsaturated fat. And consume eggs carefully, since the yolk may cause high cholesterol.

Take prenatal vitamins

It is recommended to start taking vitamin supplements when you plan to get pregnant. You can select the kind of prenatal vitamins which contain a wide range of essential vitamins and minerals. Look for those that contain B vitamins, Folic acid and Zinc, which are essential in the production of female hormones that regulates your ovulation and strengthen your uterus

Know your ovulation time using a basal thermometer

The best time to get pregnant is more likely to be around your ovulation. Having sex every other day around your ovulation time will provide you with the highest probability to get pregnant. To help you in estimating this perfect time, a basal thermometer should be used, instead of an ordinary fever temperature.

Childrens Party Take-home Bags

Having a party for a child can be exciting and fun when you have the right materials to put everything together. Most commonly, a childs party will involve things like cups, plates, decorations, banners and entertainment. Almost always, there is also a special treat given out to the children who attend the party as well. These treats are often placed in party bags for the children to take home. The bags can be any kind of material, can contain sweets and candies or toys and usually match the overall theme of the party. Children always look forward to getting these take home party favors when they attend parties and they can also create a lasting impression for the attending childs parents as well.
Party bags come in many varieties and options that you can choose from. Plastic, satin and paper are some of the material choices available. They can also be small, medium, large or oversized bags depending on what you intend to put in them. Additionally, you have the option to purchase party bags that already have designs and ones that are clear or solid colored.

The cost of party bags will vary according to what material, design and amount that you are buying. For larger parties, you can always buy in bulk from wholesalers in order to get a nice discount. Even smaller quantities can be reasonable in cost though. For plastic and paper bags, you will usually have the option of buying in packs of 5 to 30.

Some of the more fancy materials such as satin will come in smaller quantities including single bags that are sold individually. There are almost a limitless amount of possibilities that you can do with your party bags once you have them. If you know how many girls and boys will be attending the party, you can make them extra special by creating gender specific bags. You can do this by using pink colored ties on the girls bags and blue ties for the boys. The toys inside can also be gender specific and mixed with an array of different candies. Clear plastic bags are great for gender coordinating and can be easily made to match with any party theme or decor. Satin party bags are popular for little girls parties and can be adorned with jewels, ribbons and bows to add a special girly touch.

When you get ready to buy your childrens party bags, you should take into consideration the theme of the party, the number of children attending and the items that you will put inside. This way, you will know exactly what you need when you go shopping. Use your imagination and you can create unique party bags that will leave parents and children with a party highlight they will remember for some time to come.

Monterey child custody lawyer guarantees a winning case

Monterey child custody lawyer aggressively makes sure that their clients are protected. They customize their services according to the needs of the customers as well as the client’s needs.

The best interest is given to the children by the courts especially during decision making for child custody. Arrangement for parenting for the children is made by the judges in the way their parents used to do before separation. Monterey child custody lawyer aggressively makes sure that their clients are protected. They customize their services according to the needs of the customers as well as the client’s needs. Parenting arrangement created by the parents for their children has many benefits. Sometimes there is a need for court so intervention in some situations. They collaborate their understanding as well as experience to win the case and get all benefits.

More about child custody

After separation the court orders for the care maintenance as well as support of a child to any one parent. The law for child custody may vary in different states. The parent or the relative will have responsibility as well as control over the minor child. One should make sure that the lawyers they opt for is licensed and who does not charge any hidden costs. If the case is not represented by a lawyer then it will be delayed. If the divorce includes major children then the court takes their preferences into account.nt.

Need

monterey child custody lawyer do all their work without creating hassles for their customers as well as the clients. Each state may have different laws for divorce. Sometimes it is not required for you to give any explanation for the divorce against each other. Many of the experienced divorce lawyers are found costly but not all of them are and many of them are available at affordable rates for a divorce. They make the divorce period very smooth for both their clients. They also let their clients know about the proceedings and also give them all the information of their rights. They are very reliable lawyers who are good companions during this tough situation one faces. They make sure to arrange for the family as well as the children post divorce counseling. Lawyers have no control over the waiting period as this depends usually on the law and type of case. The lawyer guides and represents their clients to negotiate and get their best interest. If the divorce includes major children then the court takes their preferences into account. Many of the experienced lawyers are found costly but not all of them are and many of them are available at affordable rates for child custody.

The Author is a professional writer, presently writing for Divorce Lawyer monterey

Childrens Chairs

Provide childrens chairs for smart, funny, interesting and special children. Childrens Chairs are made from a strong wood frame which are then covered with soft foam and then upholstered. Childrens chairs are great for Children from age crawling to 10 years depending upon the size of Children. Childrens chairs are available in wide range of padded material chairs for kids in a choice of fabrics for both boys and girls. Childrens chairs are resized for children and provide good sitting posture with an upright seating position.
Different varieties of Childrens chairs

Different size: Childrens chairs are of two sizes mainly. First one is little childrens Chair which is a great for Children up to age 4 or 5 depending upon the size of your growing Child. These childrens chairs are 19 inches high, 24 inches wide and 19 inches deep. The seating areas of these chairs are 10 inches from the floor and 12 inches wide and 12 inches deep. Second kind of childrens chairs are Big childrens Chairs which are suitable for older Children up to age 10. These big childrens chairs are 25 inches high, 32 inches wide and 23 inches deep. The seating areas of these chairs are 14 inches from the floor and are 14 inches wide and 14 inches deep.
Color and material: childrens chairs are available with over 100 different fabrics to choose from or you can supply your own fabric for production. Childrens chairs are made of quality wooden available both varnished or unvarnished. Childrens chairs come in sizes suitable for both toddlers and older children and are also available with matching footstools.
Selection of childrens chairs

The selection of childrens chairs we sell are designed to fit your child, your grandchild, your niece or nephew, or any other special child in your life. Most of the manufacturers have designed several collections of childrens chairs which include several elements to give comfort to your children.
Availability of Childrens chairs

Childrens chairs are easily available both on online stores or websites and local departmental stores. For online purchase browse through our huge selection of childrens chairs which offer them in wide variety of designs, sizes and colors both for boys and girls. Get childrens chairs at instance with trendy and classic styles, durable and long lasting quality as well as in decent and reasonable prices of your desire and budget
Childrens Chairs

What Elements Make Up A Good Childrens Book

With so many children’s books to choose from, it can feel overwhelming to head to the bookstore or pay a visit to the library. To make reading more enjoyable and educational, it is important to look for the elements that are usually found in the very best children’s books. By learning what makes a good childrens book, you can know how to select them for your own child in order to maximize their benefit and enjoyment of their reading experience.

Depending on the target age range and reading level, many books for younger children or middle school children feature illustrations. Especially for children who cannot yet read independently, the illustrations are not just fun to look at, they also help the child understand the story. Look for books with interesting, distinctive pictures that capture your child’s attention and spark the imagination. For some children, this may be realistic watercolors, while others may prefer stylized cartoons. Exposing your child to new artistic styles can also help expand his or her horizons. Children can learn to interpret scenes and understand emotions or relationships by viewing these illustrations.

The best children’s books feature strong, interesting writing. Instead of condescending to kids or being geared towards adult tastes, these books show that the author has experience with the types of language and stories that children truly respond to. If the book tackles serious subjects, it should do so in a respectful and age appropriate way. The vocabulary is varied enough for children to learn some new words, but also familiar enough to help them feel confident. Overburdening children with unfamiliar vocabulary can cause them to disengage from the story and may turn them off of reading completely.

A good children’s book will tell an interesting story. Kids respond well to plots that move along at a good pace and keep the reader guessing. The characters should be easy to relate to, whether they are funny, smart, goofy, or thoughtful. This is especially true of the main character. When a child can see aspects of himself or herself in a protagonist, it makes the book more engaging.

If the book has a message or moral, it should be subtle and not overly forceful or preachy. The moral or lesson should emerge naturally from the plot and character interactions. To ensure that a book contains appropriate moral content, parents should read the entire book before giving it to their children. Doing this will ensure that the book meets the parents standards and ideals that they want their children to learn.

Some parents may prefer to choose books that have won awards and honors, or books known as classics. While these can definitely be good guidelines, you should also feel free to explore new or lesser known books, exposing your child to the wide, varied world of literature. There are many good books out there but there are many more bad ones, so choose carefully and your children will thank you.

Graduation Dresses And The Role Of A Mother

Every person develops ones own views of looking at graduation dresses. It is true that the features offered and designs reflected vary from one person to another. However, the best way of looking at a girls grad gown is from a mothers viewpoint. This is because only a mother knows what exactly her daughter needs to wear on the day of her graduation ceremony. Remember that a mother is one who already went through such stages in her life. Offering a piece of advice about the kind of graduation dresses that should be considered will help a girl much in this regard.

Most of the mothers are selective about what their daughters wear on one of the most defining occasions of academic life. The choice of buying graduation dresses is generally made purely based upon their own personal experience. However, this should not influence the independent thinking of girls. This is because of the fact that every girl has got her own views. In fact, most girls dream about the kind of dress and accessories they need to wear on the day of their graduation long before. Mothers need to be inspirational in allowing their girls to take decisions on their own.

The immediate person a girl looks for help in case of dressing is her mother. Hence, you should offer your daughter with useful tips in choosing the right kind of dressing accessories such as watch, belt, and straps. One of the creative ideas is to offer your own accessories to your girl in case you are striving for classic looks. Getting a unique look based on the ultimate combination of dresses and accessories will make any daughter always feel special. Cheap graduation dresses need to be overlooked because they tend to focus a girl in a poor way. The case would be different if good quality is offered with dresses at special discounts.

Grooming up a daughter in a perfect way related to the selection of graduation dresses is essential. This job could be performed in a precise way by only a mother. Taking care of the dressing accessories and offering regular tips are some of the valuable tasks any mother could perform for her daughter. Generating more interest among girls about choosing graduation dresses is effectively possible in this manner. You can even give various ideas to your daughter in choosing premium fabrics such as satin and chiffon depending upon the occasion. It is better to refrain from experimenting with color combinations during initial stages.

Healthy Pregnancy Diet – Eating Well During Pregnancy

A healthy and balanced diet is of great importance in women who are pregnant, so the famous “goodies or snacks” that can lead to obesity, should be replaced by the nutritional recommendations of your obstetrician. This is to avoid complications that may endanger your life and your baby.

Pregnancy is a stage that is associated with a number of important anatomical and functional changes, which include the increased requirements of some nutrients that are important for the proper development of your baby. Therefore, it is very important to take preventive measures to ensure the best possible health for you and your baby. So, one of the most important considerations is to have a healthy pregnancy diet.

It is important to meet the nutritional requirements recommended during pregnancy, since the specific deficiency of certain elements can cause major complications to your pregnancy.

Some nutrients of vital importance during pregnancy are:

FOLIC ACID

Folic acid deficiency, for example, is associated significantly with certain birth defects in your baby, so it is of vital importance to increase its consumption, even before starting the pregnancy. The recommended intake must be increased to 147% to prevent the defects associated with deficiency.

VITAMINS C and B12

During pregnancy the levels of vitamins C and B12 decrease gradually. That is why the recommended intake of these vitamins must be increased by 67 and 40% respectively.

IRON

Iron deficiency is a major cause of anemia that can occur during pregnancy.

Healthy Food Choices:

Tell yourself that making smart eating choices is non-negotiable. You have to eat healthy food. End of discussion!

There are some foods where you can find the nutrients needed for your pregnancy and are important for maintaining a balanced diet. These foods are based on vegetables, fruits, legumes, grains, protein (milk, fresh cheese, red meat-preferably fat-free as chicken and fish), and reduce the intake of sugars and fats.

The deficiency of vital foods during pregnancy may have important consequences, either because of the loss of nutrients, or because they are not consumed in the proper amount to satisfy the demand of your pregnancy.

Healthy food is essential to avoid gaining massive amounts of weight during pregnancy. If you do, you are putting your baby at risk and setting yourself up for a long road of dieting after the baby is born. Tell yourself that you and your baby are worth it, so you have to go to the store and stock up on healthy food.

Here you have a basic guide of foods for your pregnancy:
Fruit (2-4 servings): Remember that a serving is half cup of cut fruit, one medium fruit (like a pear or apple) or three plums.
Cereals (6-11 servings): one serving equals one slice of bread, 150 gr. cereal or 100 gr. rice or pasta.
Dairy (3-4 servings): A serving is a glass of milk, two yoghurts, 150 gr. of cheese or a pudding.
Meats (2-3 servings): A serving is a fillet of beef, chicken, fish, or two eggs.
Vegetables (3-5 servings): one cup of raw vegetables or half a cup of cooked vegetable.

How To Shop For Cashmere Baby Clothing

From the time the pregnancy test turns positive, baby clothing beckons. All those cute little Cashmere clothes in the most amazing colors – you just can’t seem to get enough. Here are some tips for baby clothing because your bundle of joy deserves the best.
Why Cashmere baby clothing?
Cashmere is a soft fiber obtained from the Cashmere goat. It is extremely lightweight and warm. Also, since Cashmere is a natural fiber, it is safe for the baby’s soft skin. It also helps that Cashmere is very trendy. In fact, many celebrities buy Cashmere clothes for their babies. Katie Holmes and Naomi Watts are some of the more famous examples of mammas who love Cashmere baby clothing. So, if you wish to wed fashion with comfort and good health, then Cashmere is one of the best fibers for baby clothing.
Cashmere baby clothing keeps the baby warm and comfortable. That is why many stores have a line dedicated to Cashmere baby clothing. In winters, it is extremely important to keep the baby’s feet and hands warm. If heat loss from the extremities is prevented, the rest of the body keeps warm automatically. So, cashmere socks and mittens are very important parts of the baby’s wardrobe. Wool is also an option. But, wool is thicker than Cashmere. Since Cashmere is thin and soft, babies are more comfortable in Cashmere socks.
For cold winter nights and days, Cashmere baby blankets are a great way of keeping the baby warm and cozy. These blankets are incredibly soft and gentle to the touch. Cashmere blankets are available in beautiful colors and patterns. So, baby can be comfortable while the blankets look irresistible.
Other useful items of baby clothing in Cashmere include Cashmere playsuits, jumpers and cardigans. As the baby grows, he or she will require clothing that they can use for longer periods of time.
Besides the above, other items of baby clothing that a new mother ought to buy for the layette include:
1. Onesies that are comfortable and warm
2. Soft and wearable pajamas to keep the baby warm and toasty
3. Undershorts are a great addition, particularly in the cold weather
4. Sweaters, jackets and cardigans are a must of you live in a cold place
5. In young babies, the head needs sufficient protection. Thus, the baby must have at least two soft (Cashmere) caps and a sun cap.
6. Socks and crib shoes are useful for protecting tiny feet
Also, do not forget to buy at least two pairs of special outfits for outings with your baby. You’ll want to show him/her off, won’t you?

Nurture An Extra Mother This Year

The day we honor the role of mothers is typically reserved to our own mothers and grandmothers, for those who are still fortunate enough to have them. I recommend that we celebrate Mothers Day (or some day) a bit more broadly. Here are a few examples of the kinds of women I have in mind, although I am certain you can add to my list.

The woman in the neighborhood who has never had a child of her own makes a motherly contribution each Halloween when she pretends to be afraid of a scary costume, in awe of the fairy princess and bemused by the boy who arrives in his jeans and t-shirt hoping for some of her delicious popcorn balls.

The stay at home mother who does more than her share of the car pooling duties for your own kids, and frequently takes a wholesome fruit snack to the kindergarten class.

Your daughter who has become such a wonderful mother in her own right.

The local librarian who reads so enthusiastically to all the children at story hour each Saturday morning.

The checkout woman at your local supermarket who offers all the children a candy cane from her smock pocket each holiday season (even though you would prefer that she offer fruit).

The sad woman who lost a child this year, whether that child was a toddler or a retired fire fighter.

The other sad woman down the street whose dear mother is absent for the first Mothers Day in the daughter’s life.

The enthused but exhausted woman in the next block who gave birth to twins or one child who just seems like twins.

This year, whether you are male or female, parent or not, recognize one or two or three of these women. They may not be central to your life, but they still make a contribution to it.

Send them a hand written note thanking them, invite them to your home for Mothers Day dinner, deliver a single rose or a huge bouquet. Most importantly, just thank them.

The author writes often about holidays, usually while he enjoys one of his own products such as a gourmet key lime cheesecake.